# Dynamic tax-inclusive pricing

Customers in some countries or regions, such as the United Kingdom, expect product prices that are inclusive of their local value added tax (VAT). In other countries or regions, such as the United States, customers expect taxes to be excluded on your online store and added at checkout, if applicable. Dynamic tax-inclusive pricing solves this problem by giving you the option to automatically include or exclude taxes in your product prices based on your customer's region when you sell internationally.

For example, Gabriel lives in a region with 10% tax, where his domestic customers expect taxes to be included in his prices, and sells to the United States and the United Kingdom. He activates dynamic tax-inclusive pricing, and sells a product for \$100.

• In his own region, the product costs \$100. Using the formula `Tax = (Tax Rate X Price) / (1 + Tax Rate)`, the product portion of the price is \$90.91, and the tax portion of the price is \$9.09.
• In California of the United States, the price of the product on the online store is \$90.91, and local California taxes that Gabriel is required to collect are added at checkout.
• In regions where Gabriel is not required to charge tax, the price of the product is \$90.91 on the online store and in checkout. This is the product portion of the price.
• In the United Kingdom where Gabriel is required to charge tax at a 20% VAT rate, the price of the product is \$109.09 on the online store and in checkout. This price is calculated by applying the region's 20% tax rate to the product portion of the price.

Your store address in the Shopify admin is used to determine your home tax rate. This is the rate that is used to deduct from your tax-inclusive prices when you sell to another country or region that either has a different local tax rate, or is a country or region where customers expect taxes to be excluded on products and only added at checkout. Changing your store's address in the admin to another country or region will change the home tax rate.

## Tax-inclusive versus tax-exclusive countries and regions

If you have set up tax collection for a country or region and have activated dynamic tax-inclusive pricing, then Shopify automatically includes the local tax rate in your storefront prices for the following countries and regions. All other countries and regions have their prices displayed without taxes included.

 Åland Islands Germany Morocco Albania Gibraltar Netherlands Andorra Greece New Zealand Armenia Greenland Niue Aruba Guadeloupe Norway Australia Guernsey Poland Austria Hungary Portugal Belgium Iceland Réunion Bosnia and Herzegovina India Republic of Moldova Brazil Indonesia Romania Bulgaria Ireland Saint Barthélemy Caribbean Netherlands Isle of Man Saint Martin China Italy San Marino Cook Islands Japan Senegal Croatia Jersey Serbia Curaçao Kosovo Singapore Cyprus Latvia Slovakia Czech Republic Liechtenstein Slovenia Denmark Lithuania Spain Estonia Luxembourg Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Faeroe Islands Macedonia Sweden Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Malta Switzerland Finland Mauritius Türkiye France Mayotte Ukraine Gambia Monaco United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Georgia Montenegro Vanuatu

## Considerations for using dynamic tax-inclusive pricing

Before you activate dynamic tax-inclusive pricing, review the following considerations:

• Including or excluding tax based on your customer's country or region isn't supported on stores using third-party apps that offer post-purchase upselling.
• Your home tax rate is determined by your store's address. This might affect your tax overrides. For example, if you have an override for a product that has a 10% tax rate, but your store's home tax rate is higher, then the higher home tax rate will be deducted from these products when shipping internationally. This might affect your margins. If you want to prevent such items from shipping internationally, then use shipping profiles.
• Your home tax rate is used to calculate the price at checkout. This might cause inaccuracies if you have fulfillment locations in regions with different tax rates.
• After you activate dynamic tax product pricing, prices are displayed correctly at checkout. However, the product pages or the cart don't display the prices correctly unless either of the following is true:
• You sell in local currencies and use Shopify Payments. In this case, prices are displayed correctly at checkout, on the product pages, and in the cart.
• Customers make their purchases using an address that is located in a region that is eligible for price adjustment, have cookies activated, have not cleared their browser cache, and aren't visiting the store using incognito mode. In this case, prices are displayed correctly at checkout, on the product pages, and in the cart in subsequent visits to the store.

## How to activate dynamic tax-inclusive pricing

1. In your Shopify admin, go to Settings > Markets > Preferences.
2. Check Include or exclude tax based on your customer's country.